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OSHA PPE Standards in Special Education: Lessons from a Recent Case Study

OSHA PPE Standards in Special Education: Lessons from a Recent Case Study


 Maintaining a high safety standard for special education schools is not just best practice—it's a legal requirement. This is highlighted by a recent OSHA citation, which resonates particularly with us at BitePRO® due to its direct relevance to the safety challenges faced in such settings.

A special needs educational facility in the United States was recently heavily fined for an oversight in safety protocols. The OSHA citation, under 1910 Subpart I  Personal Protective Equipment, reads: "a) At the facility: The employer did not provide personal protective equipment for extremities such as bite/cut resistant arm sleeves." This was in response to an incident where an employee was bitten on the forearm by a resident, a situation that is not uncommon in special education contexts.

 This OSHA fine sets a definitive legal standard within the industry, emphasizing that safety measures, especially concerning PPE, must be proactive and integrated from the onset. At BitePRO®, our experience with various organizations has highlighted a common scenario: protective clothing, such as our Bite Resistant Arm Guards, are often sought after a staff member has been injured. Legally speaking, however, organizations are required to adopt a proactive approach to safety. This means equipping staff with necessary PPE as part of their standard safety protocol rather than waiting for an incident to prompt action. 

 It is, therefore, imperative for all educational facilities that have students or residents who exhibit challenging behavior to seriously consider integrating PPE into their initial safety planning to ensure they are in full compliance with the standards. 

Understanding OSHA PPE Standards in Special Education

 A common misconception is that Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is only a requirement in industrial or construction environments. OSHA's standards outlined in Part 1910, specifically in Subpart I titled "Personal Protective Equipment," extend far beyond these traditional settings. The necessity for PPE spans a range of environments, including special education settings where unique hazards exist.

 According to OSHA Standard 1910.132(a), protective equipment must be provided, used, and maintained wherever necessary due to hazards that can cause injury or impairment. This includes not just the obvious risks associated with machinery or chemicals but also those found in educational environments, such as the potential for physical injury from student behaviors. The standard clearly states the need for protective gear for the "eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers" to safeguard against various hazards, including those encountered in special education.

 In the context of special education, these hazards could manifest as behavioral challenges, including biting or scratching, which present real risks to educators and support staff. 

 The following section provides a concise summary of key OSHA standards related to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Our goal is to offer a clear understanding of these regulations and their application in special education contexts. This is vital for ensuring not only legal compliance but also the safety and well-being of educators and staff who face unique challenges in their roles.


 Workplace Hazard Assessment (1910.132(d)(1)):

  • Schools must assess their environments to identify potential hazards that necessitate the use of PPE.
  • This is especially pertinent in special education settings where behavioral challenges may pose physical risks to staff.

Selection and Communication of PPE (1910.132(d)(1)(i)-(iii)):

  • Once hazards are identified, the appropriate PPE must be selected and used by affected employees.
  • Special education facilities should choose PPE, such as Bite Resistant Arm Guards, based on the specific risks present.
  • It's essential to communicate these decisions to staff and ensure that PPE fits each employee properly.

Certification of Hazard Assessment (1910.132(d)(2)):

  • Schools are required to document the hazard assessment with a written certification detailing the evaluation process and findings.

Prohibition of Defective PPE (1910.132(e)):

  • Any defective or damaged PPE must not be used, ensuring that staff are always adequately protected.

Training Requirements (1910.132(f)):

  • Schools must provide comprehensive training on PPE usage, including when and what PPE is necessary, how to use it properly, its limitations, and maintenance.
  • Employees must demonstrate understanding and proper usage of PPE before engaging in potentially hazardous work.
  • Retraining is required if workplace changes render previous training obsolete or if an employee's knowledge or skill is inadequate.

Cost of PPE (1910.132(h)(1)):

  • The employer, in this case, the educational institution, is responsible for providing the necessary PPE at no cost to the employees.

To view the full OSHA standard on PPE, click here.

How BitePRO® Supports PPE Standards for Special Education

 BitePRO® is committed to addressing the unique challenges faced by special education teachers and ensuring their safety in compliance with safety standards. Here's how:

  1. Tailored Protective Clothing Range: BitePRO® offers a comprehensive range of protective clothing specifically designed to meet the needs of special education settings. This includes arm guards, jackets, jumpers, long johns, leg guards, chest protectors, and gloves. Each item is engineered to provide the necessary protection while ensuring comfort during extended wear, which is essential for educators in demanding environments. View the full range here.

  2.  Safety Consultation: BitePRO® can provide schools with a safety consultation through either Microsoft Teams or a phone call. Our experienced safety professionals engage with schools to understand their unique requirements and risk assessment outcomes. This approach allows BitePRO® to make tailored recommendations, ensuring that schools have the right protective gear. Book a safety consultation by reaching out to us at

  3.  Product Demonstrations and Training: BitePRO® recognizes the importance of proper usage. Upon request, BitePRO® offers guidance and training on how to use their protective clothing effectively. This ensures that educators understand how to maximize the benefits of their protective gear.

  4.  Documentation and Payment Options: BitePRO® can provide all necessary documentation, including US registration details, W-9 forms, and Sole Source Letters, facilitating a smooth purchasing process. State and government-funded schools can pay via purchase order with 30-day payment terms.

  5. Efficient Online Ordering: For schools familiar with BitePRO® products and their needs, an online shop is available for quick and efficient product ordering. This streamlines the procurement process, enabling schools to obtain the necessary protective items promptly. Visit the Online Shop here.

The case where the school was fined for not supplying PPE serves as a crucial wake-up call for educational institutions, particularly those catering to special needs. It underscores the legal responsibilities schools have in protecting their staff from physical harm and compliance with PPE safety standards. Additionally, the risk of non-compliance goes beyond the legal ramifications as it can lead to staff absenteeism, leaving their role, and compromised job ability and morale. 


 For those dedicated to ensuring staff safety in special education, take some time to consider the hazards faced by your organization and explore the BitePRO® range.